While fishing is often thought of as a traditional male industry, many women work aboard fishing vessels. Women who fish often start out as galley cooks or sternmen on lobster boats. Some grew up fishing with their families and fell in love with the sea. Others work as observers, collecting catch data for the government, or as scientists guiding research. Title IX, a federal law passed in 1972 which prohibits discrimination based on gender in education or other programs that receive federal assistance, helped more women move into jobs at sea. As more women became successful in such jobs, the opportunities for others expanded.